Treatment options for erectile dysfunction
Oral medications (Viagra, Cialis, Levitra)
What are the oral medications?
- sildenafil known as Viagra® which has been available since 1998
- tadalafil known as Cialis® which was made available in 2003
- vardenafil known as Levitra® which was made available in 2003
How do the drugs work?
How effective are these drugs?
How long does the effect of these drugs last?
What are the side effects of these drugs?
Are there other oral medications?
Intracavernosal therapy (Penile injections)
Intraurethral pharmacotherapy (MUSE)
External vacuum therapy
Vascular reconstructive surgery
A severe deficiency of the male hormone, testosterone, can cause Erectile Dysfunction. In these situations, treatment with hormone replacement can be effective. Only about 3-4% of the male population, however, has this problem and can benefit from treatment. The nature of the treatment is to give the man an injection of testosterone into the arm or the buttocks to raise the hormone to acceptable levels. Side effects of testosterone replacement therapy can be serious, and patients with a medical history that includes liver disease, heart disease, kidney problems, and especially prostate cancer should avoid supplemental testosterone.